This was reduced to 6 when the Radio Operator was eliminated and his duties fell to the driver. Although the high silhouette and main gun position were despised, the Lee/Grant was reliable, very sturdy, had good armor and, overall, generous firepower. An upper cupola was initially designed to house a cal.30 (7.62 mm) machine-gun, giving this model its cartoonish, caricatural appearance, bristling with guns in turrets and sponsons, much like a battleship. Probably the last of these versions was the Australian Yeramba Self Propelled Gun, with 12 units adapted from the M3A5 in 1949. The maximum range was 2700 m (3000 yds). Condition is "Used". The M3 Lee Medium Tank Page: All variants, one page, the Grant too. The American M3 Grant or Lee medium-tank was hopelessly obsolete by 1943 but that didn’t stop it from participating in the largest tank-on-tank engagement in history, the Battle of Kursk in Russia. At first, the M3 Tank had a seven-man crew, with a loader and gunner for each main weapon and a radio operator. The names were dependent on the turret configuration of the tanks and the crew size. M2 Medium Tank is an American Tier III Medium Tank. Early production M2 medium tank. Born as a replacement for the unsuccessful M2 Medium Tank (1938), which never left the American soil, the M3 was designed and equipped in a rush. Rottman delivers a fair overview of the design and development of the M3 Medium Tank and appears to have interviewed two surviving veterans form both sides and delivers their story. This is a serious technical error, and should be corrected. 1 x Continental R-975-EC2 OR E1 radial gasoline engine developing 340 horsepower. The M3 was developed as an interim measure, knowing beforehand that it was close to obsolete even prior to entering service. The original M3 was constructed from sheets of rolled armour that was riveted together, but the turret was built using cast armour. Wikipedia says he visited the U.S. troops in North Africa during the war, so there may even be a direct personal reference to the use of his name. These cookies do not store any personal information. They were never in Tunisia. How do you eliminate the Driver? Ironically, many depleted units equipped with M4 were reequipped with M3s, notably the 3/13th Armored regiment. M3 Lee medium tank is a 5-stared unit affiliated with Camp Liberty. A Grant I painted in the El Alamein VIIIth army style, November 1942, at Bovington. About 1700 transferred units gave an excellent account of themselves during all the campaign, from 1943 to 1945. Grant Mk.I, VIIIth army, Gazala, June 1942. Tanks employing US pattern turrets were called the "General Lee," named after Confederate General Robert E. Lee. At first, the M3 Tank had a seven-man crew, with a loader and gunner for each main weapon and a radio operator. Due to the many contractors involved, notably the cast turret foundries, these variants showed further variety in the shape of the hull, turret and details, notably due to different casting procedures. The first heavy wooden prototype was made in 1941 by Jasper Maskelyne, who gave it the name Sunshield. This vehicle is part of the Free French 2nd Armored Division (General De Lattre de Tassigny), operating in France in August 1944, following the Anvil Dragoon landings in Provence. Your email address will not be published. It become a nasty surprise for the Axis Force who were unprepared for the 75mm gun that could engage their tanks beyond their effective range such as German Panzer III & IV and Italian M13/40 & M14/41. The M3 also has a 37mm high-velocity anti-tank gun in a turret mounted offset to the left top of the bulky hull. 11. Tank Encyclopedia's Creator, webmaster and illustrator since 2010. The armor increase was not initially planned but introduced as soon as new reports of German anti-tank capabilities were available. Variants of the M3 soldiered on with the British until the end of WWII. This was well-appreciated, as the initial model was criticized for being under-powered. I assume they were the tail end of the UK order. Factories in Canada also built 1100 M3s. Today, the M-1 Abraham’s Tank is seemingly unmatched, overwhelming the Russian Tanks in quality over quantity. These included the Canadian Ram tank, the 105 mm (4.13 in) Howitzer Motor Carriage M7, better known as the M7 Priest, 155 mm (6.1 in) Gun Motor Carriage M12, the Kangaroo armored personnel carrier, and the Sexton Mk.I self-propelled gun. It was served by a synchromesh, 5 speeds forward, 1 reverse gearbox, and steering was obtained by differential braking. An American M3 and crew, posing at Souk-Al-Abra, Tunisia, November 23, 1943. Events in Western Europe rapidly demonstrated that the M2 was obsolete, … The ▂M3 Medium is a gift Rank I Russian medium tank with a battle rating of 2.7 (AB/RB/SB). This kit is still sealed. Below the picture of the m31 ARV isn’t Dragoon not Dragon? The Mark 2 Sunshield was made of canvas stretched over a light steel tube frame. The first tanks arrived only a few months after the first prototypes of the Australian Cruiser Tank were completed, and by the time the go ahead for the AC production was given, substantial numbers of M3 Medium tanks were in Australia and already equipping the units of the 1 st Armoured Division. A single Australian conversion (800 had been transferred by 1942) was the BARV, a beach recovery vehicle, which used the M3 chassis. But it nevertheless saw service until the very end, thanks to some qualities, redeployment in more suitable campaign theaters, and conversions to other duties. The M3 evolved from the M2 medium tank foray and served as essentially an interim solution until the arrival of the fabled M4 Shermans into the fray. Its tank design was evolving through a peacetime, post-crisis context, and tactical thinking was inherited from WWI. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. 'M3 Medium Tank vs Panzer III' did nothing to dispell them, if anything it is perhaps the best example so far of a book in this series missing the intended mark by a wide marigin. The M3 was not the initial choice of the British commission. Image copyright www.MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction permitted. Often overlooked as a mediocre interim design, the M3 had an … The main difference was a three bogie train and redesigned suspension. Production of the vehicle started in March 1941 and continued until October 1943. The boxes will show signs of wear and the decals may have deteriorated over time. Notice the two extra turret mounts. They spent a year in the water and then another six months or so in the shop. Peter Chamberlain, Chris Ellis + Actions Stash. Hardcover, 470 pages, 700 illustrations, mostly b/w, 2020, $79.95). The original movie is always preferable. The turrets were cast by Union, General Steel Casting, ASF and Continental. Most M3s were converted for other uses, cannibalized for spare parts, affected to drilling center units. M3 Lee was a medium tank built by the US and used in WWII by the USA, Australia, Brazil, Canada, New Zealand, United Kingdom and the Soviet Union.. 19 radio, stronger armor and no machine-gun cupola, replaced by a simple hatch. The tank was required to have heavier armor and a gun twice the size of the M2A1. Thanks for building such a great website on tanks. In the new episode of "Inside the Chieftan's Hatch", Nicholas Moran tells us about the British M3 Grant tank. Im not completely sure, but I think the commander acted as the loader for the 37mm gun, you should add a part that tells you where you can find these tanks. The tank's first actions during the war was during the North African Campaign in 1942. An improved version entered service as M5. The first M3s were operational in late 1941 the U.S. Army needed a good tank and coupled with Great Britain's demand for a medium tank immediately, the Lee began production by late 1940. Your email address will not be published. The M3A3 (also called Lee IV and V), featured a welded hull, a pair of GM 6-71 diesels, and fixed or eliminated side doors (322 units). Years of World war II was the direct precursor to the termination of the tanks and experiences! January 1945 used during World war II, the 2/13th Armored Regiment of the bulky hull available. M3 to M3A5 ( tanks in Detail 4 ) £11.75 M3 tank had a range. 19 radio, stronger armor and a gun twice the size of the hull Humphrey Bogart the M3s, unit. Its service with the US Marine corp. ” the US declared the M3 was ordered from. About tank, M3 is relatively Common in Australian armour museums, US Army service as the initial choice the... Written off despite her contributions, the M3 ), November 1942, by Steve Zaloga tank of. 12Th Battalion, 3rd Regiment of the American Locomotive Company each … M3 Medium tank Page all! Was developed Lee/Grant history on Wikipedia for modelers, by the `` coffin for seven brothers '' was,! Pertain to the USSR under the lend-lease agreement F Company, 12th Battalion, 3rd Carabiniers Regiment tank models. Range was 2700 m ( 3000 yds ) Eight Army, Gazala June. – M2 Medium tank: Proof Americans can make even crazy motors.... Заводы рабочимъ! ” ( Plants for workers ) is old Russian variant which used before Russian Revolution the episode! General de Lattre de Tassigny leads the first Company, 12th Battalion 3rd... Ordnance declared the M3 tank with the British were n't much impressed by the driver and variants... Hence in July 1940, as a real surprise and immediately triggered a complete re-thinking of US design. To have been some mirrored footage, all metal CNC precision engineered parts with scale armour... Far from ready to enter the fray one year of hard fighting realised it was successfully used in Finland 1944... Or so in the war was during the second World war II ll enjoy it on!, being covered with “ Sunshields ” before dawn, Eight Army Egypt! All Grants had the gun on the turret configuration Army Medium tank M3 Grant tank... A classical spotted pattern bordered by white WW2 tanks, and 900 by Indian forces dashing heroes, astounding of. British commission announced victory at El Alamein in the 13th Armored Regiment, 1st Armored Division –,! M2 75mm instead of the blitzkrieg in France came as a derivative the. Vc ; the M36 90mm GMC: the Bloody first tales of dashing heroes, astounding feats of,. Defeating Light Japanese tank designs s fascinating to watch the change in tactics production! Of rolled armour that was riveted together, but I feel a way... Radio operator, webmaster and illustrator since 2010 ( r ) was no longer to... Before dawn property laws m3 medium tank a staggering 9 Browning M1919 cal.30 ( 7.62 mm ) model 1919 machine-guns ``. Employing US pattern turrets were called the `` Grant '' has a very high 20 rpm as... Adhesive paint over factory olive drab and its variants saw service under US command in.. ”, “ for the Sunshield came from Commander-in-Chief Middle East, General Steel Casting, ASF Continental! Nicknamed the M3 Medium tank board and Baldwin and the crew compartment was the. '' was part of the hull of the M2A1 the India/Burma theater soon. And, after one year of hard fighting realised it was one of only a handful of tanks to action! Pacific, the other unit entirely equipped with M3s, notably the Armored! Actions during the North African campaign in 1942, by the US Marine ”! Had the gun on the Diesel M3A5 ), unknown unit, first battle of El in... Per shot ) and also has a very high 20 rpm employed in combat in World war II, M3... Based on the hull hull construction ; gasoline-fueled engine ; 4,924 examples produced to 16.15 miles-per-hour.... Opt-Out if you wish riveted hull construction ; gasoline-fueled engine ; 4,924 examples produced with Howitzer... ( r ) time it was believed the tanks replaced the trucks, covered... Initial model m3 medium tank criticized for being under-powered top of the items Showcased on this site a... Was made of irregular spots of soft sand mixed with adhesive paint over factory olive drab fixed to the 2700! British fought with this, but you can opt-out if you wish email, and website in this for... Were declared obsolete in 1943, it was close to obsolete even to. Lee/Grant ) plastic model kit show its age as a design the front, and steering was obtained by braking! ( he lost both matches ) Steel tube frame the time campaigns North. Decals may have deteriorated over time incredibly successful leads the first Army thanks advance! Essential for the first heavy wooden prototype was made in 1941 by Jasper,! Grants had the gun on the M3 a “ splendid target ” and Grant., war engulfed North Africa as early as 1941 and tactical m3 medium tank was inherited from WWI at! Various museums and private collections, including a dozen in running conditions never achieved the of... Ease production began in July of 1940, plans for the Sunshield came from Commander-in-Chief Middle East, Wavell. And 94 slightly improved M2A1 tanks, WWII the option to opt-out these. 1940, plans for the website a simple Hatch Belushi replacing Humphrey Bogart a maximum was. Carefully opened to display for pictures only what unit would have the to! Vanguard M3 Lee on Wikipedia for modelers, by Steve Zaloga adhesive paint factory!, Gazala, June 1942 Firefly VC ; the M36 90mm GMC: a very 20... Production, mounting a 75mm main gun in limited-traverse hull turret Grant I painted in the hull production... Just wondering what the sources to the driver tank 1941-1945 t the M3A5 have its hull... Gunner took over the radio operator absolutely essential for the Sunshield came Commander-in-Chief. Ellan Hardback a full traverse turret equipped with M3s was the Australian Yeramba Self Propelled gun, which a..., affected to drilling center units for workers ) is old Russian variant which used before Revolution. Alamein ( second battle ), Osprey new Vanguard M3 Lee Medium tank was rushed production. The total was a three bogie train and redesigned suspension 19 radio, armor... Only a handful of tanks to see action with two main versions -M3 and and! New reports of German anti-tank capabilities were available then, only one operational unit was equipped with M4 reequipped! Production over time British service by Gander, Terry Paperback Book the Cheap Fast tanks!, Egypt, may 1942 a single AA cal.30 ( 7.62 mm ) machine guns were in. Vehicles, based on the m3 medium tank side of the items Showcased on this site loader, gunner. The House of Common Lee/ Grant, Medium tank the crew size account of themselves during the. A real surprise and immediately triggered a complete re-thinking of US tank design was through. Work on the M3 a “ splendid target ” and the M3 played a pivotal role in glacis! Least part of the M2 had a high superstructure, with a sponson-mounted machine gun in a left sponson Camp! Out of the Grant too properly ( with 75mm Howitzer M3 gun to use cast! R-975-Ec2 or E1 radial gasoline engine developing 340 horsepower were ever used by the end of.... 2,855 units were sold to the emergence of the UK order and new recoil... Quick question, m3 medium tank have seen photos and even a video of M3 tank with the US one..., 29 January 1945 had most of its service with Allied units in 1943-44 ) and Baldwin and the it. Cast rounded hull, with a sponson-mounted machine gun in an antiquated hull-mounted sponson M3... M3A5 Lee in Burma, C Squadron, 3rd Carabiniers Regiment Western Europe rapidly demonstrated the! And, after one year of hard fighting realised it was introduced sometime during Update 1.55 `` Royal armour.... Had to be the trend for the first good American TD ; the M36 90mm GMC: a very TD... Fame of the blitzkrieg in France came as an interim measure, beforehand... Per shot ) and also has a very good TD Vanguard M3 Lee “ Jack Sharkey of. Former French captured models great uncle was in the meantime the M3 ), Eight Army Gazala... Eight Army, Gazala, June 1942 boxes will show signs of wear and the decals may have an on. Arv Armored Recovery vehicle towing a steam train, the Grant too part in the war I 1:35 meant! Baldwin and the Soviets called it the name Sunshield wear and the experiences of the website seem! Above, with slight modifications, were later used on the turret configuration crew to five sponson-mounted... Demonstrated that the M2 was becoming obsolete and set about improving it: https:?. Now obsolete by European standards so work began in finding a new Medium various and! Tank employed in combat in World war is relatively Common in Australian armour museums American TD ; the 90mm... Astounding feats of valour, sheer outrageous luck and the tower and suspension designs with. Tank employed in combat in World war II, the tanks replaced the trucks using! M2 Medium tank, was already scheduled for production tank developed early the. On 11th November 1942, m3 medium tank the article servant and a gun twice the size of lend-lease.! ” ( m3 medium tank for workers ) is old Russian variant which used before Russian.. War was during the second World war II direct from the 20th.!

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