5 (3), 199-208. In: Advances in stored product protection. Environment Bureau, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada and USDA. Sexual behavior of the Mediterranean flour moth Annals of Agricultural Science, Moshtohor. Daumal J; Voegele J; Benoit M; Pizzol J, 1981a. 322-324. http://www.cabi.org/cabebooks/ebook/20033122923 DOI:10.1079/9780851996912.0322, Sasaki T, Ishikawa H, 2000. Within a few days (three days at eighty to ninety degrees F) the eggs hatch into small whitish or pinkish larvae, with a very hard and dark colored head and small black spots on the body, that immediately begin to spin silken tubes. Omissions? Proceedings of the 8th International Working Conference on Stored Product Protection, York, UK, 22-26 July 2002. This includes removal of old grain from corners, floors, and walls and grain that may have spilled on the exterior of the bin. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 15(4):509-516. Proceedings of the Second Meeting of Working Group 4: Bio-control of arthropod pests in the stored products, Prague, Czech Republic, 30-31st May 2002 [ed. after freezing treatment for the rearing of Trichogramma species. Carbon dioxide under high pressure as an alternative in Ephestia kuehniella (Zeller) and Plodia interpunctella (Hübner) (Lepidoptera, Pyralidae) control. New York, USA: Marcel Dekker Inc., 223-286. Five years of biological control of stored-product moths in Germany. Any grain remaining when a bin is emptied can harbor insect infestations which will move into the new grain. Fleurat-Lessard F, 1986. Trichogrammatidae): what are the risks for endemic butterflies? Not only are pheromone traps useful for trapping the Mediterranean Meal male moths and preventing further reproduction, but they are useful monitoring tools. Athanassiou C G, Kavallieratos N G, Palyvos N E, Buchelos C T, 2003. E. kuehniella are intensively bred as a basis for the commercial production of various parasitoids and predators to combat pests such as Lepidoptera and aphids (Wajnberg and Hassan, 1994). The efficacy of diatomaceous earth is generally improved at higher temperatures (Fields and Korunic, 2000) and these products can be combined with heat treatment of food processing facilities (Fields et al., 1997). Department of Entomology | 219 Hodson Hall | 1980 Folwell Ave. | St. Paul, MN 55108612-624-3636 | entodept@umn.edu. Wohlgemuth R; Reichmuth C; Rothert H; Bode E, 1987. Prozell S, Schöller M, 2003. Daumal J; Voegele J; Brun P, 1975. Nielsen PS, 1999. [ed. Journal of Stored Products Research, 20(3):139-143, Cox PD; Bell CH; Pearson J; Beirne MA, 1984. Daumal J; Marconi D; Chassain C, 1985. Their larvae is a pink-white color or yellow-white in color. Biological control of pest insects and mites, with special reference to entomophthorales. The hindwings are a dirty white. Sogaard-Andersen F, 1968. Prague, Czech Republic: Research Institute of Crop Production, 29-32. Traynier RMM, 1968. Adults are fairly large with a wingspan of 20 to 25 mm and a length of 9 to 12 mm. Commonly, the eggs are attached to the food. Agronomie, 6(6):567-573. Robinson R, 1971. The impact of temperatures on activity and consumption rate of moth eggs by Blattisocius tarsalis (Berlese) (Acari:Ascidae), a predatory mite on moth eggs. The adults are an off white or gray color. Sehl A, 1931. Development time and activity threshold of Trichogramma turkestanica [Trichogramma evanescens] on Ephestia kuehniella in relation to temperature. The adult moths have gray mottled forewings, with a span of about 3 cm (1.2 inches), and pale hind wings. Figure 9. (Lepidoptera, Phycitidae) caused by high temperature. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 1934:333-380. Methyl Bromide Alternatives for North Africa and Southern European Countries, 61-74. Although this insect is not as serious a pest as the Indian meal moth and some of the grain infesting beetles, it still causes clogging of machinery with its webbing, and at times causes grain mill shut-downs. Prozell S; Sch÷ller M, 1997. Because of the high toxicity of registered fumigants and technical knowledge needed for their proper use, a qualified pesticide applicator should be contacted to perform the fumigation. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. Riemann JG; Ruud RL, 1974. Agricultural and Forest Entomology, 5(3):199-208. Skovg+rd H; Holst N; Nielsen PS, 1999. Variability in fecundity and plasticity of oviposition behaviour in Anagasta kuehniella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Ecology and management of food-industry pests, 217-227. Phytoparasitica, 31(1):39-50. Within the cocoons, they transform into reddish-brown pupae. More Guidelines To Get Rid of Mediterranean Meal Moths, Temperature Control & Pantry Pest Control. Contributions towards the study of insect fertility. III. [Period of development and fertility of Ephestia kuehniella Zeller after preimaginal and pupal slowing of development caused by low temperatures.]. A-Ibrahim A, El-Zoghby A, Shairra S, 2003. Prague, Czech Republic: Research Institute of Crop Production. In: Gordham JR, ed. The adult moth is a pale-gray color and from one-forth to one-half inch long, with a wingspread of slightly less than one inch. 37 (3), 263-275. The Mediterranean flour moth was first reported in North America in 1889. Teil I, 22(1):1-25. The moth is a major pest species in flour mills, and it may also be found in bakeries and warehouses, especially in cereal products that have been left undisturbed for an extended period of time. Within a few days (three days at eighty to ninety degrees F) the eggs hatch into small whitish or pinkish larvae, with a very hard and dark colored head and small black spots on the body that immediately begin to spin silken tubes. This posture is very distinctive and is a more reliable character for identification than the wing markings which may be rubbed off. Journal of Stored Products Research. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Structure and distribution of tactile and bimodal taste/tactile sensilla on the ovipositor, tarsi and antennp of the flour moth, Ephestia kuehniella (Zeller) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). The structure and operation of the reproduction organs of the genera Ephestia and Plodia (Lepidoptera: Phycitidae). The adult population fluctuations of Ephestia kuehniella Zeller (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in flour factories in Bursa province. Daumal J; Boinel H, 1994. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. Contributions towards the study of insect fertility. The influence of light cycle and circadian rhythm on oviposition in five pyralid moth pests of stores products. The effects of grain moisture content and temperature on the efficacy of diatomaceous earths from different geographical locations against stored-product beetles. Category: OLIMinimum Life Cycle: One to six months.Distribution: Temperate areas; attacks cereal products particularly flour.Biology:Eggs - Up to 300 eggs laid on or near produce.Larvae - Particularly favor flour dust; webbing from heavy infestations can choke machinery.Pupae - Form in the produce from overwintered larvae.Adults - Non feeding; short lived. Journal of Applied Entomology, 114(4):353-361, Champ BR; Dyte CE, 1977. Mediterranean Flour Moth Ephestia kuehniella The larva is on average 1/2 inch to 2/3 inch (13 mm – 16 mm) and can have a coloring of a white to pink. Babendreier D; Schoch D; Kuske S; Dorn S; Bigler F, 2003. Contribution à l'étude de la biologie d'Ephestia kuehniella Zeller (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae - Phycitinae). Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. [Contribution to the study of the biology of Ephestia kuehniella Zeller (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae - Phycitinae). Mills R; Pedersen J, 1990. The colour of the front wings is grey to black grey, the rear wings are yellow-white. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Cerutti F; Bigler F; Eden G; Bosshart S, 1992. [ed. Mediterranean flour moth Ephestia kuehniella Zeller Classification Secondary pest; Grain feeder Order: Lepidoptera Family: Pyralidae Acronym: EKU Description Adults are fairly large with a wingspan of 20 to 25 mm and a length of 9

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